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ChatterBot Output Adapters

Creating a new output adapter

You can write your own output adapters by creating a new class that inherits from chatterbot.output.OutputAdapter and overrides the necessary methods established in the OutputAdapter class.

To create your own output adapter you must override the process_response method to return a Statement object.

Note that you may need to extend the __init__ method of your custom output adapter if you intend to save a kwarg parameter that was passed into the chat bot's constructor. (An API key might be an example of a parameter you would want to access here.)

from chatterbot.adapters import Adapter


class OutputAdapter(Adapter):
    """
    A generic class that can be overridden by a subclass to provide extended
    functionality, such as delivering a response to an API endpoint.
    """

    def process_response(self, statement, session_id=None):
        """
        Override this method in a subclass to implement customized functionality.

        :param statement: The statement that the chat bot has produced in response to some input.

        :param session_id: The unique id of the current chat session.

        :returns: The response statement.
        """
        return statement

Output format adapter

A generic class that can be overridden by a subclass to provide extended functionality, such as delivering a response to an API endpoint.

from chatterbot.adapters import Adapter


class OutputAdapter(Adapter):
    """
    A generic class that can be overridden by a subclass to provide extended
    functionality, such as delivering a response to an API endpoint.
    """

    def process_response(self, statement, session_id=None):
        """
        Override this method in a subclass to implement customized functionality.

        :param statement: The statement that the chat bot has produced in response to some input.

        :param session_id: The unique id of the current chat session.

        :returns: The response statement.
        """

The output adapter allows the chat bot to return a response in as a Statement object.

chatbot = ChatBot(
    "My ChatterBot",
    output_adapter="chatterbot.output.OutputAdapter",
    output_format="text"
)

Terminal output adapter

A simple adapter that allows ChatterBot to communicate through the terminal.

from __future__ import unicode_literals
from .output_adapter import OutputAdapter


class TerminalAdapter(OutputAdapter):
    """
    A simple adapter that allows ChatterBot to
    communicate through the terminal.
    """

    def process_response(self, statement, session_id=None):
        """
        Print the response to the user's input.
        """
        print(statement.text)
        return statement.text

The output terminal adapter allows a user to type into their terminal to communicate with the chat bot.

chatbot = ChatBot(
    "My ChatterBot",
    output_adapter="chatterbot.output.TerminalAdapter"
)

Gitter output adapter

An output adapter that allows a ChatterBot instance to send responses to a Gitter room.

from __future__ import unicode_literals
from .output_adapter import OutputAdapter


class Gitter(OutputAdapter):
    """
    An output adapter that allows a ChatterBot instance to send
    responses to a Gitter room.
    """

    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super(Gitter, self).__init__(**kwargs)

        self.gitter_host = kwargs.get('gitter_host', 'https://api.gitter.im/v1/')
        self.gitter_room = kwargs.get('gitter_room')
        self.gitter_api_token = kwargs.get('gitter_api_token')

        authorization_header = 'Bearer {}'.format(self.gitter_api_token)

        self.headers = {
            'Authorization': authorization_header,
            'Content-Type': 'application/json; charset=utf-8',
            'Accept': 'application/json'
        }

        # Join the Gitter room
        room_data = self.join_room(self.gitter_room)
        self.room_id = room_data.get('id')

    def _validate_status_code(self, response):
        code = response.status_code
        if code not in [200, 201]:
            raise self.HTTPStatusException('{} status code recieved'.format(code))

    def join_room(self, room_name):
        """
        Join the specified Gitter room.
        """
        import requests

        endpoint = '{}rooms'.format(self.gitter_host)
        response = requests.post(
            endpoint,
            headers=self.headers,
            json={'uri': room_name}
        )
        self.logger.info('{} status joining room {}'.format(
            response.status_code, endpoint
        ))
        self._validate_status_code(response)
        return response.json()

    def send_message(self, text):
        """
        Send a message to a Gitter room.
        """
        import requests

        endpoint = '{}rooms/{}/chatMessages'.format(self.gitter_host, self.room_id)
        response = requests.post(
            endpoint,
            headers=self.headers,
            json={'text': text}
        )
        self.logger.info('{} sending message to {}'.format(
            response.status_code, endpoint
        ))
        self._validate_status_code(response)
        return response.json()

    def process_response(self, statement, session_id=None):
        self.send_message(statement.text)
        return statement

    class HTTPStatusException(Exception):
        """
        Exception raised when unexpected non-success HTTP
        status codes are returned in a response.
        """

        def __init__(self, value):
            self.value = value

        def __str__(self):
            return repr(self.value)
chatbot = ChatBot(
    "My ChatterBot",
    output_adapter="chatterbot.output.Gitter",
    gitter_api_token="my-gitter-api-token",
    gitter_room="my-room-name",
    gitter_only_respond_to_mentions=True,
)

HipChat output adapter

An output adapter that allows a ChatterBot instance to send responses to a HipChat room.

from __future__ import unicode_literals
import json
from .output_adapter import OutputAdapter


class HipChat(OutputAdapter):
    """
    An output adapter that allows a ChatterBot instance to send
    responses to a HipChat room.
    """

    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super(HipChat, self).__init__(**kwargs)

        self.hipchat_host = kwargs.get("hipchat_host")
        self.hipchat_access_token = kwargs.get("hipchat_access_token")
        self.hipchat_room = kwargs.get("hipchat_room")

        authorization_header = "Bearer {}".format(self.hipchat_access_token)

        self.headers = {
            'Authorization': authorization_header,
            'Content-Type': 'application/json'
        }

        import requests
        self.session = requests.Session()
        self.session.verify = kwargs.get('ssl_verify', True)

    def send_message(self, room_id_or_name, message):
        """
        Send a message to a HipChat room.
        https://www.hipchat.com/docs/apiv2/method/send_message
        """
        message_url = "{}/v2/room/{}/message".format(
            self.hipchat_host,
            room_id_or_name
        )

        response = self.session.post(
            message_url,
            headers=self.headers,
            data=json.dumps({
                'message': message
            })
        )

        return response.json()

    def reply_to_message(self):
        """
        The HipChat api supports responding to a given message.
        This may be a good feature to implement in the future to
        help with multi-user conversations.
        https://www.hipchat.com/docs/apiv2/method/reply_to_message
        """
        raise self.AdapterMethodNotImplementedError()

    def process_response(self, statement, session_id=None):
        data = self.send_message(self.hipchat_room, statement.text)

        # Update the output statement with the message id
        self.chatbot.storage.update(
            statement.add_extra_data('hipchat_message_id', data['id'])
        )

        return statement

This is an output adapter that allows a ChatterBot instance to send responses to a HipChat room.

Be sure to also see the documentation for the HipChat input adapter.

chatbot = ChatBot(
    "My ChatterBot",
    output_adapter="chatterbot.output.HipChat",
    hipchat_host="https://mydomain.hipchat.com",
    hipchat_room="my-room-name",
    hipchat_access_token="my-hipchat-access-token",
)

Microsoft Bot Framework output adapte

An output adapter that allows a ChatterBot instance to send responses to a Microsoft bot using Direct Line client protocol.

from __future__ import unicode_literals
import json
from .output_adapter import OutputAdapter


class Microsoft(OutputAdapter):
    """
    An output adapter that allows a ChatterBot instance to send
    responses to a Microsoft bot using *Direct Line client protocol*.
    """

    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super(Microsoft, self).__init__(**kwargs)

        self.directline_host = kwargs.get(
            'directline_host',
            'https://directline.botframework.com'
        )
        self.direct_line_token_or_secret = kwargs.get(
            'direct_line_token_or_secret'
        )
        self.conversation_id = kwargs.get('conversation_id')

        authorization_header = 'BotConnector {}'.format(
            self.direct_line_token_or_secret
        )

        self.headers = {
            'Authorization': authorization_header,
            'Content-Type': 'application/json'
        }

    def _validate_status_code(self, response):
        status_code = response.status_code
        if status_code not in [200, 204]:
            raise self.HTTPStatusException('{} status code recieved'.format(status_code))

    def get_most_recent_message(self):
        """
        Return the most recently sent message.
        """
        import requests
        endpoint = '{host}/api/conversations/{id}/messages'.format(
            host=self.directline_host,
            id=self.conversation_id
        )

        response = requests.get(
            endpoint,
            headers=self.headers,
            verify=False
        )

        self.logger.info('{} retrieving most recent messages {}'.format(
            response.status_code, endpoint
        ))

        self._validate_status_code(response)

        data = response.json()

        if data['messages']:
            last_msg = int(data['watermark'])
            return data['messages'][last_msg - 1]
        return None

    def send_message(self, conversation_id, message):
        """
        Send a message to a HipChat room.
        https://www.hipchat.com/docs/apiv2/method/send_message
        """
        import requests

        message_url = "{host}/api/conversations/{conversationId}/messages".format(
            host=self.directline_host,
            conversationId=conversation_id
        )

        response = requests.post(
            message_url,
            headers=self.headers,
            data=json.dumps({
                'message': message
            })
        )

        self.logger.info('{} sending message {}'.format(
            response.status_code, message_url
        ))
        self._validate_status_code(response)
        # Microsoft return 204 on operation succeeded and no content was returned.
        return self.get_most_recent_message()

    def process_response(self, statement, session_id=None):
        data = self.send_message(self.conversation_id, statement.text)
        self.logger.info('processing user response {}'.format(data))
        return statement

    class HTTPStatusException(Exception):
        """
        Exception raised when unexpected non-success HTTP
        status codes are returned in a response.
        """

        def __init__(self, value):
            self.value = value

        def __str__(self):
            return repr(self.value)

This is an output adapter that allows a ChatterBot instance to send responses to a Microsoft using Direct Line protocol.

Be sure to also see the documentation for the Microsoft input adapter.

chatbot = ChatBot(
    "My ChatterBot",
    output_adapter="chatterbot.output.Microsoft",
    directline_host="https://directline.botframework.com",
    conversation_id="IEyJvnDULgn",
    direct_line_token_or_secret="RCurR_XV9ZA.cwA.BKA.iaJrC8xpy8qbOF5xnR2vtCX7CZj0LdjAPGfiCpg4Fv0",
)

Mailgun output adapter

A generic class that can be overridden by a subclass to provide extended functionality, such as delivering a response to an API endpoint.

from __future__ import unicode_literals
from .output_adapter import OutputAdapter


class Mailgun(OutputAdapter):

    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super(Mailgun, self).__init__(**kwargs)

        # Use the bot's name for the name of the sender
        self.name = kwargs.get('name')
        self.from_address = kwargs.get('mailgun_from_address')
        self.api_key = kwargs.get('mailgun_api_key')
        self.endpoint = kwargs.get('mailgun_api_endpoint')
        self.recipients = kwargs.get('mailgun_recipients')

    def send_message(self, subject, text, from_address, recipients):
        """
        * subject: Subject of the email.
        * text: Text body of the email.
        * from_email: The email address that the message will be sent from.
        * recipients: A list of recipient email addresses.
        """
        import requests

        return requests.post(
            self.endpoint,
            auth=('api', self.api_key),
            data={
                'from': '%s <%s>' % (self.name, from_address),
                'to': recipients,
                'subject': subject,
                'text': text
            })

    def process_response(self, statement, session_id=None):
        """
        Send the response statement as an email.
        """
        subject = 'Message from %s' % (self.name)

        self.send_message(
            subject,
            statement.text,
            self.from_address,
            self.recipients
        )

        return statement

The Mailgun adapter allows the chat bot to send emails using the Mailgun API.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from chatterbot import ChatBot
from settings import MAILGUN

'''
To use this example, create a new file called settings.py.
In settings.py define the following:

MAILGUN = {
    "CONSUMER_KEY": "my-mailgun-api-key",
    "API_ENDPOINT": "https://api.mailgun.net/v3/my-domain.com/messages"
}
'''

# Change these to match your own email configuration
FROM_EMAIL = "mailgun@salvius.org"
RECIPIENTS = ["gunthercx@gmail.com"]

bot = ChatBot(
    "Mailgun Example Bot",
    mailgun_from_address=FROM_EMAIL,
    mailgun_api_key=MAILGUN["CONSUMER_KEY"],
    mailgun_api_endpoint=MAILGUN["API_ENDPOINT"],
    mailgun_recipients=RECIPIENTS,
    input_adapter="chatterbot.input.Mailgun",
    output_adapter="chatterbot.output.Mailgun",
    storage_adapter="chatterbot.storage.SQLStorageAdapter",
    database="../database.db"
)

# Send an example email to the address provided
response = bot.get_response("How are you?")
print("Check your inbox at ", RECIPIENTS)

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